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Common Eye Exam Terms

Here is an explanation of common eye exam terms.

comprehensive_eye_examChief Complaint
assessment of the patient's reason for getting an eye exam

General Physical Health History
complete health history to screen for physical conditions and medications that may affect eyesight


General Ocular Health History

complete eye health history including family history of eye conditions, disease, or medication

External and Internal Eye Health Evaluation
examination for the signs of eye disorders, including cataracts and other eye disorders using digital Slit lamps,fundus photography and Ophthalmoscopy

Current Prescription Analysis
evaluation of current lens prescription, if applicable

Visual Acuity
test for the eyes' ability to see sharply and clearly at all distances

Refraction
test for the eyes' ability to focus light rays properly on the retina at distances and close by.

Binocular Vision
Assess integrity of the binocular visual system

Visual Coordination
check for external eye muscle balance and coordination

Accommodative Ability
test of the eyes' ability to change focus from distance to near.An exam may also include tests for color vision and depth perception, visual fields, and other vision skills, as needed

Additional Tests Performed

Tonometry - Test to measure internal fluid pressure of the eye (increased pressure may be an early sign of glaucoma)

Visual Fields Testing - The visual field is that portion of space in which objects are simultaneously visible to the fixating eye. By using a perimeter instrument ,this test declares your visual ability and locates blind spots in your visual field. Drivers Licence certificates are issued on successful evaluation of ones visual fields. This certificate and service is complimentary.

Corneal Topography - Our corneal topography system is a diagnostic instrument that measures the curvature of the cornea of the eye, and produces a topographical map. This map can be viewed on a computer screen and printed in color. The results of this test can be used to help diagnose eye pathology and assist us in fitting hard lenses in patients with Keratoconus, a disease affecting the corneal surface of the eye.

Fundus Photography - Fundus is another name for the interior rear portion of your eye. By Photographing an enlarged view of the fundus, specific detail of your optic nerve and other very intricate parts of the eye are clearly visible for the Optometrist's close examination. As you can imagine, this technology provides a wealth of insight for treatment and prevention of disease

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